Ethical Issues In Management
Q. Using Campbellsville University library and/or other sources, read at least four (4) academically reviewed articles on the ethical issues that may arise in information management. Please note that Wikipedia articles will not be accepted for this discussion.
1. Write a comparative analysis of the articles noting the similarities and differences.
2. Compare the information in those articles to the materials in Chapter 14 of your textbook. Does the premise of those articles support the overall theme of the materials in Chapter 14 of your textbook? Why or why not?
3. Discuss what you learned from those articles. In your discussion, give example(s) of your organization handles ethic concerns as they relate to information management.
Ethics is the sense of responsibility, liability, accountability, and judgment towards the roles and nature of duties of an individual for an organization or of an organization towards the society, which highlights the activities and behaviors of the individual, or society to be right or wrong (Laudan, J., P., 2002). Ethics is very important from the social, security and privacy point of view, as far as, Information Management is concerned. Near about all organization nowadays works upon data, information, IT Systems, IT Tools and Networking Systems. This clearly signifies the fact that the impact of Information Technology has an intense and deep-rooted effect all over the world in nearbout all domains and segments of business practiced throughout. This makes organizations dependent upon Information systems due to which a new chapter has been introduced in the Business Management section, which is known as Information Management.
I was going through scholarly articles in which the importance of ethics in the segment of Information Management was clearly highlighted. I came across four such articles. All the articles focussed on the fact that without ethical values, the information management part of any organization will not be able to be productive nor will it be able to satisfy its customers.
Similarities in the articles reviewed
Irrespective of the source, author or the perspective of thought, all the articles were very much similar to each other in demonstrating the fact that the major ethical issues arise from the rights and obligations related to the protection of information and intellectual property rights, the control and accountability and the quality of system and information.
Many a times organizations face difficulty in determining as which employee or member should be held responsible for the harm or inability to secure the information and property rights of the organization due to which the original miscreant may escape. This can be a great issue in maintaining ethical standards within an organization.
All the articles cited the importance of a sense of responsibility, accountability, and liability for maintaining the ethical standards of an organization.
Differences in the articles reviewed
The ethical standards are formulated and fixed by keeping in mind the dominant law, type of economy of the nation the organization works upon, the humane and moral values of the employees and the core values and vision of the organization. Few articles differentiated on the above-mentioned grounds. The basic ethical principles are although common, yet, the above parameters as mentioned can challenge the ethical integrity of employees and organization. Few differed in the approach of the framing of ethical standards while few were different due to the prevalent government policies.
Those articles covered the entire theme of Chapter 14 as they portrayed and stressed on all the rules, threats and difficulties in maintaining the ethical standards of the organization. The major points which I learned after reviewing the articles in relevance to the theme of Chapter 12 are as follows:
a. The excessive use of Internet has projected a great threat over maintaining the privacy of data and information as many cybercriminal activities and the openness of Internet has made many such data and information accessible to the world which could not have been possible otherwise.
b. In the course of maintaining the balance between personal and professional life, many times employees forget the basic ethical values at work.
c. Technical errors like bugs and spams, software and hardware faults and poor quality of input data also result in failure of ethical standards towards the roles and responsibilities of an organization towards its clients.
J. Jiang, 2005, Computer systems, database systems, and communications network security and confidentiality, University of Electronic Science and Technology Publishing House: Chengdu, China, pp.375
B. Newberry, 2010, "Katrina: Macro-Ethical Issues for Engineers", Science and Engineering Ethics, vol. 16, pp.535-571, doi: 10.1007/s11948-009-9167-9
K. C. Laudon and J. P. Laudon, 2002, Management Information Systems, 7th ed., Prentice Hall: New Jersey, 2002, pp.474