Role Of Digital Technology On Globalization - Case Study

By Samit Banerjee
29-03-2019
294

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RESEARCH PROJECT: ROLE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY IN GLOBALIZATION: A CASE STUDY OF TESCO GROUP


 

Table of Contents

P1: Research Proposal 4

Title. 4

Research Problem.. 4

Rationale of Research. 4

Contribution of Research. 4

Literature Review Gap. 5

Research Aims and Objectives/Research Questions. 10

P2. 12

Research Philosophy. 12

Research methodology. 12

Research Methods. 12

Data Sources. 12

Data Collection. 13

Data Sampling. 13

Ethical Issues. 13

Interview Questions. 13

Conclusion. 18

References. 19


 

Introduction

The research would explore the globalisation on a large scale and how it could be implied in the businesses which could result in the development and growth of the businesses. Tesco Group would be explored for understanding the impact of globalisation on business. The research would be conducted by utilising the Quantitative Data Collection Method, and both the primary and the secondary data would be explored.


 

P1: Research Proposal

Title

Role of Digital Technology in Globalization: A Case Study of Tesco Group

Research Problem

The research would explore the Tesco Group thoroughly, and the implication or role that globalisation has on the company and its development would be analysed. The primary problem of the research is expected to be to convince the employees of the company for being a participant in the survey. The quantitative data would be collected through the survey and thus, this issue needs to be resolved as soon as possible. The second problem of the research would be to follow up all the ethical considerations in the research as the ethics follow up would create some lengthy procedures for the conduction of the research.

Rationale of Research

In a broader perspective, the unstructured research topic has been to convey or present the role that globalisation plays in business. The overall research would help in helping the companies in utilising the globalisation in the most convenient manner as this would help in applying globalisation globally. This would help the economy to grow for the respective countries and also the world economy would grow and develop. This helped in formulating a semi-structured research topic which has been the impact of the globalisation on the development and growth of a business in the retail sector. This semi-structured topic has been further polished into a structured one which is role of digital technology in globalization: a case study of Tesco group. This formulation of structured topic has enabled me to formulate a set of research questionnaire based on which I could be able to conduct primary research and gain authentic information related to the research topic. The research would play a vital role in acknowledging the importance or the impacts of globalisation on the Tesco Group.

Contribution of Research

The research would deliver some fruitful and attractive results on how globalisation could help a business to grow and develop. Exploring the TESCO Group, the research would accurately state the benefits and the advantages that the company could gain through exercising globalisation in its business. The role and the implications of globalisation would be stated clearly by the end of the research and how Tesco Group could develop or accelerate its development would be presented.

Literature Review Gap

Sl No.

Journals

Literature Gap

1

Krugman, P., 2017. Crises: The price of globalisation?. In Economics of Globalisation (pp. 31-50). Routledge.

The concerned journal represented the gap in the literature review as it did not include the cost of globalization.

2

Stott, R.N., Stone, M. and Fae, J., 2016. Business models in the business-to-business and business-to-consumer worlds–what can each world learn from the other?. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing31(8), pp.943-954.

The literature review has avoided the capabilities that are required for growing a company into a global one.

3

Gygli, S., Haelg, F., Potrafke, N. and Sturm, J.E., 2018. The KOF globalisation index–revisited. The Review of International Organizations, pp.1-32.

This article represents that fact that globalization needs to be taken as an index as this would help in exploring its hidden advantages.

4

Potrafke, N., 2015. The evidence on globalisation. The World Economy38(3), pp.509-552.

The gap exist in the literature review as it has avoided the world economy perspective which could have helped in making the research quite broad.

5

Naheem, M.A., 2016. Internal audit function and AML compliance: the globalisation of the internal audit function. Journal of Money Laundering Control19(4), pp.459-469.

This article portrays the need of auditing the globalization internally as this would help in acknowledging the internal facilities of globalization.

6

Elger, T., 2015. Globalization: Consequences for Work and Employment in Advanced Capitalist Societies. Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: An Interdisciplinary, Searchable, and Linkable Resource, pp.1-15.

The challenges that business organisations face due to globalization should have been explored through which has been just viewed roughly in the literature review.

7

Jeske, D. and Axtell, C.M., 2016. Going global in small steps: E-internships in SMEs. Organizational Dynamics45(1), pp.55-63.

The literature review gap exists as it has to include the steps for going global.

8

Knight, G.A. and Liesch, P.W., 2016. Internationalization: From incremental to born global. Journal of World Business51(1), pp.93-102.

This article presents the information about the gradual increase or success of globalization which has not been mentioned in the literature review.

9

Cavusgil, S.T. and Knight, G., 2015. The born global firm: An entrepreneurial and capabilities perspective on early and rapid internationalization. Journal of International Business Studies46(1), pp.3-16.

The literature review has avoided the capabilities that is required for growing a company into a global one.

10

Reese, G., Rosenmann, A. and McGarty, C., 2015. Globalisation and global concern: Developing a social psychology of human responses to global challenges. European Journal of Social Psychology45(7), pp.799-805.

The psychological impact of globalisation has been not met or mentioned in the literature review which should have been mentioned. This would have helped in acknowledging human psychology on globalisation.

11

Asongu, S.A. and Nwachukwu, J.C., 2017. The comparative inclusive human development of globalisation in Africa. Social Indicators Research134(3), pp.1027-1050.

The literature review has not considered human development caused by globalisation.

12

Reese, G., Rosenmann, A. and McGarty, C., 2015. Globalisation and global concern: Developing a social psychology of human responses to global challenges. European Journal of Social Psychology45(7), pp.799-805.

Human psychology which helps in meeting the challenges of globalisation has not been mentioned in the literature review.

13

Rowley, C., 2017. Whether globalisation and convergence? Asian examples and future research. Asia Pacific Business Review23(1), pp.1-9.

The literature review has not explored the perspective of globalisation, is it wither or convergence.

14

Jovane, F., Seliger, G. and Stock, T., 2017. Competitive Sustainable Globalization General Considerations and Perspectives. Procedia Manufacturing8, pp.1-19.

The literature review should have also mentioned about the changing nature of the international business which would have helped in gaining sustainability in the act of globalisation.

15

Meschi, E., Taymaz, E. and Vivarelli, M., 2016. Globalization, technological change and labor demand: a firm-level analysis for Turkey. Review of World Economics152(4), pp.655-680.

The future skills of employment would have been explored for acknowledging the globalization contribution to the employment skills that has been delivered.

16

Hans, V., 2018. Digitalisation in the 21st Century-Impact on Learning and Doing. Digitalisation in the 21st Century-Impact on Learning and Doing (November 6, 2018).

The outlook of the digitalised world through employment perspective would have helped in gaining the knowledge about the impact of globalisation on employment.

17

Komori, N., 2015. Beneath the globalization paradox: Towards the sustainability of cultural diversity in accounting research. Critical Perspectives on Accounting26, pp.141-156.

The integration and sustainable perspectives of globalisation have not been explored.

18

Romero, R.A.M. and Umaña, V.G., 2018, March. Educational Challenges in a Globalized World and in Times of Inequality: Two Proposals from a COIL Perspective. In 2018 COIL CONFERENCE (p. 106).

The impact of globalisation on the education system should have been explored in the literature review as this would have helped in gaining the future of globalisation.

19

.Lounasmeri, L., 2017. Revisiting the Spheres of Public Discussion: The history of Finland’s globalisation debate. Journalism Practice11(10), pp.1302-1318.

Exploring the impact of Globalization in any one specific country would have helped in presenting the advantages in a justifiable manner.

20

Djelic, M.L. and Quack, S., 2018. Globalization and Business Regulation. Annual Review of Sociology44, pp.123-143.

Globalization should be taken as a discipline and this would help in gaining more advantages of it.

21

Knudstorp, J.V., Maskus, K., Teece, D. and Christensen, B.J., 2017. Business on Globalization—A Panel. In Globalization (pp. 587-600). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

The literature review has avoided the digital technological exploration supporting globalisation.

22

Kraus, S., Palmer, C., Kailer, N., Kallinger, F.L. and Spitzer, J., 2019. Digital entrepreneurship: A research agenda on new business models for the twenty-first century. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research25(2), pp.353-375.

The various business models should have been explored as stated in this article which would have supported the research about globalisation.

23

Srai, J.S. and Lorentz, H., 2019. Developing design principles for the digitalisation of purchasing and supply management. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management25(1), pp.78-98.

The follow up of the design principles of digitalisation should have been mentioned in the literature review as this would have explained the procedure of going global.

24

Mittal, S.B., 2016. The Trends of Globalization and Digitalization are Changing the Market Contexts. China's Foreign Trade, (5), p.30.

The impacts of digitalisation along with globalisation on businesses should have been explained which do not exist in the literature review.

25

Waddell, S., 2017. Global Action Networks: A Global Invention Helping Business Make Globalisation Work for All 1. In Globalization and Corporate Citizenship: The Alternative Gaze (pp. 31-52). Routledge.

The article does not show valid examples on the extent to which the globalisation impacts on business organisations.

 

Research Aims and Objectives/Research Questions

Aim

The aim of the research is to explore the impact and the role of globalisation on Tesco Group. The impact that globalisation has on the concerned company needs to be explored.

Objectives

The objectives of the research are as follows

·         To state the concept of globalisation in a thorough and clear manner.

·         To state the benefits of globalisation concerning Tesco Group

·         To provide a detailed study about the role of globalisation which would help the Tesco Group to develop and grow, globally

·         To provide some recommendations to the Tesco Group for applying Globalisation in the company

Research Questions

1.      What is the meaning of Globalisation and what are the related concepts to it?

2.      What benefits could Tesco Group have on exploring and implying globalisation in the company?

3.      What role would globalisation play in Tesco Group’s development and growth?

4.      What are the recommendations for Tesco Group to explore Globalisation and imply it in its business?


 

P2

Research Philosophy

The research would be conducted following the positivism philosophy. This would help in gaining the knowledge about globalisation through following a positive approach towards the concept and its implications (Hughesand Sharrock, 2016). The entire research would be conducted through this philosophy and the literature review discussion would also represent the same approach to research. The positivism philosophy would bring accuracy in the analysis and the findings of the research too.

Research methodology

The Quantitative Methodology would be implied in the concerned project as this method helps in gathering the information and data in the numerical form which helps in analysing it thoroughly. The entire research would be followed through this method and the method is expected to deliver some accurate and effective results. The Quantitative Method is known for providing the research with exact information and facts which makes the research accurate and specific (Creswelland Creswell, 2017). The methodology would help in gaining and achieving all the four objectives of the research through the data collected. 

Research Methods

Data Sources

The primary data would be collected through the survey which would be conducted for the employees of the Tesco Group. The survey would explore the mentality and thinking process of the employees of the company regarding globalisation. The survey data would be analysed and the actual facts would be revealed as what globalisation is for the Tesco Group. Even the secondary data would be collected through exploring the books, journals and articles which would present the facts about the Tesco group and the companies which has been benefited through applying globalisation in their business.

Data Collection

The data would be collected through both the methods, that is primary and secondary both the data would be collected for the research. The primary data would be collected through surveying about 30 employees of Tesco Group which would help in gaining the information about the perspective of the employees of the company regarding globalisation. The primary data helps the research in being updated as the current data gets collected. The secondary data would be collected through exploring a number of articles, journals, books, news, and other sources which would help in justifying the primary data analysis.

Data Sampling

The employees or the respondents of the survey would be selected through simple random sampling, as this would help in gaining some diversity and variability in the data. Through simple random sampling, the respondents who would be selected would be the current employees of Tesco Group and thus, selecting them randomly would help in gaining the information through a variety of sources.

Ethical Issues

Conducting research needs to consider a number of ethics which helps in gaining authenticity in the research. In order to make the research authentic, ethics need to be considered. In order to conduct the research survey, the Data Protection Act needs to be considered as this would help in preserving the data and do not share it with any other sources. This would make the research and authentic one as the respondents would feel secured to be a participant of the survey.

Interview Questions

Question 1

To which age group you fall into?

Answer:

I fall in the age group 24-34. It is the young age group and knows the in-sight benefits of use of digital technology in daily life. Be it computers, mobiles or other smart IT gadgets, people from this age group has maximum exposure to the digital platform (Hans V., 2018). For this reason, persons or respondents in this age group can provide better feedback related to the role of digital interface in the process of globalization.

Age Group

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

24-34

 

 

 

35-45

 

 

 

46 Above

 

 

 

Table 1: Age Group

Question 2

What is your Gender?

Answer:

I am male by gender. Although there is no importance of gender discrimination in judging the benefactors of globalization, yet it plays an important role in judging the overall response and recording the same irrespective of any gap. This provides completeness in the survey method.

 Gender

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Male

 

 

 

Female

 

 

 

Table 2: Gender

Question 3

What is Globalisation as per your views?

In my vision, Globalization leads to brand and sales growth. Collectively both these growths result in business growth.

Brand Growth due to Globalization: Globalization leads to higher level of Brand identity. More people across the globe come to know about the brand and its products and services. It is the first stage of recognition whenever any organization enters into a new market. A proper method of advertising, promotion and marketing is required at pre-launch and post-inauguration stages of starting operation in a different region. The range of target prospective customers and clients increases from local to global level.

Sales Growth due to Globalization: Proper implementation of branding techniques helps in boosting sales volumes. Before globalization, the range of clients and customers stays confined in the local market vicinities. After being globalized, the list of prospective clients and customers increases manifold. It breaks the confinement limits and the organization can portray its importance on a wider scale.

A tough level of competition is prevalent in all industries amongst organizations of all levels throughout the globe. This competition is based on the fluctuations in the brand preference of customers. Customers always prefer quality products and services. To a major portion of the customers, the price is not the determining factor for their preference over a brand but can prove to be one of the influential factors if they receive the same quality of product and service at a relatively lower price range. Ability to do proper branding leads to increase in sales volumes and better recognition of the organization.

Business growth due to Globalization: Business is done by any organization relates to the revenue raised and profit earned by it during a fiscal period by selling its products or services at a local and global level. Branding leads to an enhanced level of identity, proper marketing approach and method creates awareness about the organization in the market that leads to greater sales volumes. If any sort of unwanted harm or damage is not faced by the organization due to accidental, climatic or legal factors, increase in sales indicates an increase in revenue generation and henceforth boost in profits. Greater the profit, greater is the level of business growth. A rise in sales volumes contributes significantly to boosting the business volumes irrespective of any crossfading market or economic factors, which might have a direct impact on the business. Even if the organization faces loss due to operational faults, market hazards, competitive factors, human resource anomalies or any unwanted situation, the growth in revenue generation can never be denied. It is the responsibility of the organization to take appropriate steps for profit optimization or maximization.

Factors

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Brand Growth

 

 

 

Sales Growth

 

 

 

Business Growth

 

 

 

Table 3: Definition of Globalisation

Question 4

Globalisation impacts which of the following areas majorly?

Answer:

Globalization has a great impact on near about all segments of the business operations of an organization. In my opinion, it affects the business area the most. All major factors, be it, accounts and finance, operations, human resource, production, marketing and sales, administrations and management are related to or are a subset of the entire business on whole (Quack S., 2018). If discussed individually, the effect of Globalization in the respective fields can be pointed as –

Financial Area: Globalization means expansion. The organization involved in the process of globalization expands its range of operations based on geographical and cultural demographics. This process involves investment and disinvestment initiatives for accomplishing infrastructure setups, legal formalities, import and export ventures, hiring and procurement of business campus and manpower, branding activities and various levels of marketing for brand awareness according to the trends of the new market or economy the organization plans to penetrate. Such activities require a considerably high level of monetary ventures, which creates an impact in the financial area of the organization.

Business Area: Business of an organization is the summation of all efforts implemented by respective departments and divisions collectively towards the growth and development of the organization on a whole. It encompasses all segments related to the functionality of the organization in a market or economy. Due to globalization, the organization has to face influences in social, cultural, economic, ecological, political and financial sectors as they vary with the variations in the geographical regions of operation. Collectively, these factors cast a significant effect in the business area of the organization.

Employment Area: With the expansion of organization on a wider scale due to globalization, it has to conduct modifications in employment policies and practices. Due to globalization, an organization tends to become a multinational company where it practices trade at different geographical locations and provinces. Different countries and states of the world is governed by different recruitment policies and labour acts (Elger T., 2015). The organization has to abide by the government policies related to hiring and recruitment for manpower procurement. For this, the organization needs to have a very flexible HR policy to meet the requirements. In this way, globalization has its influence in the employment area. Moreover, with variation in operating areas and regions, the quality, intelligence and emotional quotient, mental capabilities, ethics and cultures also differ significantly (Stones M., 2016). This has another effect in the employment area of the organization due to globalization.

Working Area: Working area of an organization depends on the cultural, social, ethical and legal frameworks and standards of the region it intends to operate on. On the grounds of globalization, an organization initiates its ventures in a completely new location where variations in the said factors may be evident. This affects the culture, practices and ethics of the workplace casting an influential impact in the working area of the organization.

Factors

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Financial Area

 

 

 

Business Area

 

 

 

Employment Area

 

 

 

Working Area

 

 

 

Table 4: Impacting Area of Globalisation

Question 5

As per your view, which are the following issues likely to occur in Tesco Group on implying Globalisation?

Tesco Group is a public limited company operating in the industry since 1919. Its current revenue generation status is £57, 491 million. This revenue generation model can never be affected by globalization in the perspective of cost issues. It has a great impact in the retail industry with more than 6569 shops throughout its operating zones. The organization has commendable experience and expertise in its functional area and industry. This feature of Tesco Group makes it less vulnerable to functional issues. It might have to face few administrative and management issues due to diversity in legal and political frameworks of the regions it is going to expand on. Administrative issues might bother the organization in the fields of land and space procurements, licensing processes, import and export, immigration and emigration and recruitment and hiring processes. Management issues related to social, cultural, political and ecological perspectives might bother the organization. Proper pre-expansion market research and survey can help the organization to understand and identify the issues beforehand, which can prevent it to be vulnerable to any issues as mentioned.

Issues

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Cost Issue

 

 

 

Administrative Issue

 

 

 

Functional Issue

 

 

 

Management Issue

 

 

 

Table 5: Issues in Going Global

Question 6

Why should Tesco Group adopt Globalisation as its main business strategy?

Reason

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Business Expansion

 

 

 

Increase in Business Profit

 

 

 

Increase Brand Image

 

 

 

Be recognized in other countries

 

 

 

Table 6: Reason for Globalisation

Question 7

What could be the major challenges that would Tesco Group face in going global?

Challenges

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Operations

 

 

 

Management

 

 

 

Financial

 

 

 

Table 7: Challenges faced by Tesco Group

Question 8

What would be the strategy to be followed by Tesco Group in order to sustain in the global market?

Strategy

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Quality Maintenance

 

 

 

Cost Minimization

 

 

 

Employability Satisfaction

 

 

 

Table 8: Sustaining Strategy

Question 9

What advantage would Tesco Group have ongoing global?

Answer:

On being global, Tesco Group has a dual benefit of Competitive and Goodwill advantage. Tesco Group is operating successfully since 1919 and has not ever faced any situation, which has led to a loss of trust or faith of clients and customers over the organization. This reason gives a great goodwill advantage to the organization. Being a 100-year old organization, it is accustomed to multifarious business practices and cultures sticking to its core ethical and moral values. Such a wide range of exposure in terms of time and units all over makes an organization renowned by default. Hence, Tesco has to do the least brainstorming in promotional activities as a major portion of the world is already aware of the brand. This gives Tesco a competitive advantage.

Attaining price advantage at the initial phases of globalization is partially tough task to attain, as pricing policies are generally not flexible in such organizations and after proper research of the economic status of the region and prices of competitors’ products and services, new pricing policy for any specific region is prepared.

Advantage

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Competitive Advantage

 

 

 

Price Advantage

 

 

 

Goodwill Advantage

 

 

 

Table 9: Advantages explored by Company

Question 10

What recommendation you have for the company in order to exploit globalization?

Answer:

To exploit globalization, Tesco group has to concentrate the most on management and quality of deliverance of products and services. As Tesco Group is having an exposure of 100 years in the industry, complete or partial brand awareness is already prevalent in the market (Knight G., 2015). To have a competitive and value advantage, concentration is required on quality. This will indirectly provide a price advantage to the organization. Concentration to management is required to handle the variations in cultural, social and economic trends of the working area due to change of operating regions during the process of Globalization.

Recommendation

Percentage of Respondents

Number of Respondents

Total number of Respondents

Concentrate on Brand Image

 

 

 

Concentrate on Management

 

 

 

Concentrate on Quality

 

 

 

Table 10: Recommendations

 


 

Conclusion

The research is expected to deliver the findings and the results in an authentic way through the follow up of the ethics and the methodologies which have been utilised in the research has helped in gaining the primary data in the most efficient manner. Through the analysis of the data both primary and secondary, the research would help in knowing the exact and accurate benefits that globalisation has on the Tesco Groups' growth and development. The primary data has also explored the challenges and the issues that might arise in the globalisation application. Thus, the research has been quite accurate and efficient in its findings and choice of methodologies, approach, philosophy, design and data collection methods.

 


 

References

Creswell, J.W. and Creswell, J.D., 2017. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.

Hughes, J.A. and Sharrock, W.W., 2016. The philosophy of social research. Routledge.

Krugman, P., 2017. Crises: The price of globalisation?. In Economics of Globalisation (pp. 31-50). Routledge.

Stott, R.N., Stone, M. and Fae, J., 2016. Business models in the business-to-business and business-to-consumer worlds–what can each world learn from the other?. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 31(8), pp.943-954.

Gygli, S., Haelg, F., Potrafke, N. and Sturm, J.E., 2018. The KOF globalisation index–revisited. The Review of International Organizations, pp.1-32.

Potrafke, N., 2015. The evidence on globalisation. The World Economy, 38(3), pp.509-552.

Naheem, M.A., 2016. Internal audit function and AML compliance: the globalisation of the internal audit function. Journal of Money Laundering Control, 19(4), pp.459-469.

Elger, T., 2015. Globalization: Consequences for Work and Employment in Advanced Capitalist Societies. Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: An Interdisciplinary, Searchable, and Linkable Resource, pp.1-15.

Jeske, D. and Axtell, C.M., 2016. Going global in small steps: E-internships in SMEs. Organizational Dynamics, 45(1), pp.55-63.

Knight, G.A. and Liesch, P.W., 2016. Internationalization: From incremental to born global. Journal of World Business, 51(1), pp.93-102.

Cavusgil, S.T. and Knight, G., 2015. The born global firm: An entrepreneurial and capabilities perspective on early and rapid internationalization. Journal of International Business Studies, 46(1), pp.3-16.

Reese, G., Rosenmann, A. and McGarty, C., 2015. Globalisation and global concern: Developing a social psychology of human responses to global challenges. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45(7), pp.799-805.

Asongu, S.A. and Nwachukwu, J.C., 2017. The comparative inclusive human development of globalisation in Africa. Social Indicators Research, 134(3), pp.1027-1050.

Reese, G., Rosenmann, A. and McGarty, C., 2015. Globalisation and global concern: Developing a social psychology of human responses to global challenges. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45(7), pp.799-805.

Rowley, C., 2017. Whither globalisation and convergence? Asian examples and future research. Asia Pacific Business Review, 23(1), pp.1-9.

Jovane, F., Seliger, G. and Stock, T., 2017. Competitive Sustainable Globalization General Considerations and Perspectives. Procedia Manufacturing, 8, pp.1-19.

Meschi, E., Taymaz, E. and Vivarelli, M., 2016. Globalization, technological change and labor demand: a firm-level analysis for Turkey. Review of World Economics, 152(4), pp.655-680.

Hans, V., 2018. Digitalisation in the 21st Century-Impact on Learning and Doing. Digitalisation in the 21st Century-Impact on Learning and Doing (November 6, 2018).

Komori, N., 2015. Beneath the globalization paradox: Towards the sustainability of cultural diversity in accounting research. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 26, pp.141-156.

Romero, R.A.M. and Umaña, V.G., 2018, March. Educational Challenges in a Globalized World and in Times of Inequality: Two Proposals from a COIL Perspective. In 2018 COIL CONFERENCE (p. 106).

.Lounasmeri, L., 2017. Revisiting the Spheres of Public Discussion: The history of Finland’s globalisation debate. Journalism Practice, 11(10), pp.1302-1318.

Djelic, M.L. and Quack, S., 2018. Globalization and Business Regulation. Annual Review of Sociology, 44, pp.123-143.

Knudstorp, J.V., Maskus, K., Teece, D. and Christensen, B.J., 2017. Business on Globalization—A Panel. In Globalization (pp. 587-600). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Kraus, S., Palmer, C., Kailer, N., Kallinger, F.L. and Spitzer, J., 2019. Digital entrepreneurship: A research agenda on new business models for the twenty-first century. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 25(2), pp.353-375.

Srai, J.S. and Lorentz, H., 2019. Developing design principles for the digitalisation of purchasing and supply management. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 25(1), pp.78-98.

Mittal, S.B., 2016. The Trends of Globalization and Digitalization are Changing the Market Contexts. China's Foreign Trade, (5), p.30.

Waddell, S., 2017. Global Action Networks: A Global Invention Helping Business Make Globalisation Work for All 1. In Globalization and Corporate Citizenship: The Alternative Gaze (pp. 31-52). Routledge.



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