Logical Reasoning - Solved MCQs

By Samit Banerjee
20-02-2019
1195

ALPHABET AND NUMBER TEST

Question 1

Question Statement 1

All the letters of the first half of the English alphabet series is reversed from their natural order. It is done in such a way that A moves to the position of M and N moves to that of Z. Which letter will be 6th to the left of 17th letter to the right of 7th letter from the left?

Option A

T

Option B

X

Option C

V

Option D

U

Correct Option

C

Explanation

6th to the left of 17th letter to the right of 7th letter from the left = 6th to the left of (17+7 =) 24th letter from the left = (24-6 =) 18th letter from the left.

 

Thus, we have to count from the left and we have to find out 18th letter from the left that falls into the second section of English alphabet.

 

Here, both the first half and the second half of the English alphabet have been reversed and we have to count from the left end, then the required letter can be found out using the formula given below. If the first and the second reversed sections of the English alphabet are α and  β respectively, then, the required letter = 2α+β+1−(required position of letter from left side)2α+β+1-(required position of letter from left side)

 

Therefore, The required letter = 26 + 13 + 1 - 18 = 22 = V

 

Question 2

Question Statement 2

How many independent words can “heartless” be divided into without changing the order of the letters and using each letter only once?

Option A

2

Option B

3

Option C

4

Option D

5

Correct Option

B

Explanation

The word “heartless” can be broken in 3 words, i.e. , he, art, less

 

Question 3

Question Statement 3

If the first half of the alphabet is written in reverse order, which letter will be at the 20th position from the right?

Option A

D

Option B

H

Option C

G

Option D

E

Correct Option

C

Explanation

Only the first half of the alphabet is reversed. Hence the 2nd half remains normal. SO, the first 13 letters would be the same when we do counting from the right.

So, the 14th letter will be A, 15th will be B, 16th will be C…… and on carrying on this series we get G at the 20th position from the right

 

Question 4

Question Statement 4

Which letter will be exactly in the middle of the 13th letter from right and 20th letter from left of English Alphabet?

Option A

Q

Option B

O

Option C

T

Option D

P

Correct Option

A

Explanation

Let us assume any one direction and let us take it from the left side,

The 13th letter from the right is going to be the 14th letter from the left.

The other letter is the 20th letter from the left.

So, let m=14 and n=20.

The middle letter will be [(m+n)/2]th letter from the left, which is, [(14+20)/2]th letter from the left. 17th letter from left is Q.

 

Question 5

Question Statement 5

How many pairs of words are in the letter PRODUCTION such that each pair is having same number of alphabets in between them is the word as that in the alphabet series?

Option A

1

Option B

2

Option C

None

Option D

3

Correct Option

D

Explanation

The pairs are as follows:

P and I – 6 letters

R and U – 2 letters

O and N – Consecutive letters

 

VERBAL ANALOGY

Question 6

Question Statement 1

Hour is related to Second in the same way as Tertiary is related to -

Option A

Ordinary

Option B

Secondary

Option C

Primary

Option D

Intermediary

Correct Option

C

Explanation

Second is the third position after Hour in time measurement. Likewise Tertiary is the third position after Primary in the order of ranking.

 

Question 7

Question Statement 2

Moist:Drench::Kindle:_____

Option A

Burn

Option B

Incinerate

Option C

Explode

Option D

Tanned

Correct Option

A

Explanation

Moist and Drench are the two words which shows the intensity of anything getting wet by water or any liquid. So, Kindle and Burn makes such pair as it corresponds to the relative intensity of words moist and drench.

 

Question 8

Question Statement 3

Taseometer:Strain::Sphygmomanometer:_____

Option A

Stress

Option B

Torsion

Option C

Blood Pressure

Option D

Torque

Correct Option

C

Explanation

Taseometer is used to measure strain within structures after application of force and Sphygmomanometer is used to measure blood pressure.

 

Question 9

Question Statement 4

Rubber:Latex::Road:_____

Option A

Coal Tar

Option B

Granite

Option C

Cement

Option D

Asphalt

Correct Option

D

Explanation

Latex is the primary raw material required for production of rubber and so is asphalt which is the primary raw material required for the construction of roads.

 

Question 10

Question Statement 5

What is common among the following set of words

Petrol:Phosphorus:Cooking Gas

Option A

They are fuels

Option B

They are highly inflammable

Option C

They can’t be sold without permit

Option D

India has to import them

Correct Option

B

Explanation

Petrol, phosphorus and cooking gas have low ignition value and so they are highly inflammable.

 

Question 11

Question Statement 6

I : Flower : : Milky way : II

I. (a) Garden (b) Plant (c) Fruit (d) petals

II. (P) Galaxy (Q) Star (R) Sky (S) Planet

Option A

bP

Option B

dR

Option C

aQ

Option D

cS

Correct Option

C

Explanation

Flower belongs to garden in the similar way as star belongs to milky way.


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Samit Banerjee

Logical Reasoning - Solved MCQs

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