DC Motor Operation
• In a dc motor, the stator poles are supplied by dc excitation current, which produces a dc magnetic field.
• The rotor is supplied by dc current through the brushes, commutator and coils.
• The interaction of the magnetic field and rotor current generates a force that drives the motor
• Before reaching the neutral zone, the current enters in segment 1 and exits from segment 2,
• Therefore, current enters the coil end at slot a and exits from slot b during this stage.
• After passing the neutral zone, the current enters segment 2 and exits from segment 1,
• This reverses the current direction through the rotor coil, when the coil passes the neutral zone.
• The result of this current reversal is the maintenance of the rotation.