Electric Charges Introduction

By Kunal Kapoor

An electrical charge is a property of element, due to which it experiences a force when kept in an electromagnetic field.  

There are 2 types of charges any matter particle can experience, namely

  • Positive charge (denoted by + sign)
  • Negative Charge (denoted by – sign)


Unlike in case of Atoms where

  • Positive charge = Proton
  • Negative Charge = Electrons
  • Neutral Charge = Neutron

Electrical charge refers to

  • Positive Charge = Loss of Electrons
  • Negative charge = Gain of Electrons


Eg when you rub a glass rod with a woollen cloth, electrons gets transferred from glass rod woollen cloth. Thus making glass rod positively charged and woollen cloth negatively charged

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