Types Of Solutions


Solutions are homogeneous mixtures of two or more than two components.
There are two kinds of mixtures :
  • Homogeneous Mixtures

            In Homogeneous mixtures, the properties and composition of mixture is uniform all across the mixture

  • Heterogeneous Mixtures

            In Heterogeneous mixtures, the properties and composition of mixture varies in different parts of the mixture

Since a solution is homogeneous solution, ie its properties is uniform all across the mixture.

There are 2 main componenets in a Homogeneous solution

  • Solvent

            Solvent is the major component in which everything is present.

  • Solute

            Solvent is the minor component

eg in salt water solution, water is termed as solvent and salt is termed as solute.


Common Types of Sulutions

Type of Solutions

Solute

Solvent

Examples

Gaseous

Gas

Gas

Mixture of oxygen and nitrogen gases

Liquid

Gas

Chloroform mixed with nitrogen gas

Solid

Gas

Camphor in nitrogen gas

Liquid

Gas

Liquid

Oxygen dissolved in water

Liquid

Liquid

Ethanol dissolved in water

Solid

Liquid

Glucose dissolved in water

Solid

Gas

Solid

Solution of hydrogen in palladium

Liquid

Solid

Amalgam of mercury with sodium

Solid

Solid

Copper dissolved in gold



Related Tutorials