Hydrocarbons


Hydrocarbons


The term hydrocarbon means compounds of hydrogen and carbon only.


Classification of organic compounds


Depending upon the type of carbon-carbon bond present hydrocarbons can be classified as:

  1. Saturated hydrocarbon
  2. Unsaturated hydrocarbons
  3. Aromatic hydrocarbons

Alkane

Alkane is a saturated hydrocarbon in which carbon is attached to C-C single bond.

Alkene

Alkene is a unsaturated hydrocarbon in which carbon is attached to carbon carbon double bond.

Alkyne

Alkyne is a unsaturated hydrocarbon in which carbon is attached to carbon carbon triple bond.

Aromatic hydrocarbon

In Aromatic hydrocarbon there is one or more benzene ring present.



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