Careers in Health – Physician Specialities

Careers in Health – Physician Specialities
Kunal Kapoor

Have you always been in love with the role of a doctor? Did you spend your childhood playing with a stethoscope and doctor’s kit was an irreplaceable item from your home? Well, if so, this article could be for you!

For a layman, a Physician is a go-to person for common cold and flu. However, did you know that Physicians can act as specialists in various fields of medicine? Now that we thought of introducing you today to these fields and giving you a brief overview of what these specialists deal with, we have got you little information on different doles that you can possibility take up in near future. Take a look:

Family Physician – This one is pretty basic and takes care of primary healthcare. This is the one we were referring to in the introduction of this article. Common ailments like cold, cough, flu, viral fever and the likes are diagnosed and treated by Family Physicians. If they find a need for further investigation they may prescribe some tests or refer the patient to a specialist.

Gynaecologist – Doctors who specialize in health issues of women are called Gynaecologists. Pregnancy, infertility, labor, delivery, menopause, hormonal issues etc. are just a few areas that the Gynaecologists deal with. These doctors also advise patients on issues relating to the reproductive health/organs.

Surgeon – There are various types of Surgeons; for example Neurosurgery, Cardiothoracic, vascular, Trauma and Orthopaedic, plastic surgery etc. To plan a surgery based on the patients' situation and other vital signs is a crucial task for surgeons. They operate the patients, take preventive steps to avoid complications, and provide assistance and care post successful completion of the procedure.

Psychiatrist – Handling emotional/behavioural issues of patients form the core of a Psychiatrists job. They indulge in one-to-one counselling sessions with patients facing depression or other mental disorders. Specialities within this field include old age, child and adolescent, intellectual disability, psychotherapy, addictions etc.

Paediatrician – From infants to teenagers, a Paediatrician is proficient in handling ailments of this age group. Whether it is monitoring basic health issues like colds, coughs and flu or routine vaccinations/immunizations in infants and children they provide primary healthcare diligently.

Dermatologist – Any skin related ailments are treated by Dermatologists. From skin cancer to basic acne and sunburns are treated by Dermatologists. They conduct non-invasive surgical procedures and provide skin treatments.

Cardiologist – This category falls under internal medicine. They are experts in anything related to the heart or its blood vessels. Echocardiogram, Ambulatory ECG or Cardiac Catheterization are a few tests that the Cardiologists may recommend or perform himself. They may also suggest and monitor an exercise test to monitor the patients' heart performance.

Gastroenterologist – They treat ailments relating to the digestive system/tract including stomach, intestines, esophagus, liver and pancreas etc. The patients who see Gastroenterologist suffer from constipation, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, bleeding in the tract, cancer etc.

Endocrinologist – Endocrinologists provide treatments for ailments of the endocrinal glands or hormonal issues. Thyroid, blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol etc. are the disorders that the Endocrinologists address.

Ophthalmologist – Doctors who deal with ailments of the eye are called as Ophthalmologists. Cataracts or glaucoma are some disorders that they treat in patients. They conduct corneal surgeries in addition to providing routine care which may involve testing the vision and prescribing glasses.

Otolaryngologist – The Ear Nose and Throat physicians as we call them are termed as Otolaryngologist. They are capable of prescribing medication as well as performing surgeries if need be.

Neurologist – Brain, nerves and the spine need special care and this is where the need for a Neurologist arises. Parkinson’s, neuropathy or sclerosis are a few disorders that need attention and constant monitoring from a Neurologist.

Now that you’ve read a little about these, I believe you have a rough idea as to what all option scould be available to you. However, to take a step towards any of them, you have to as an expert and see which of these roles suit you the best. We tried covering a few specialities that the Physicians can opt for. However, there are more specialities than these. The field of medicine is gigantic and it is natural to feel lost if you are planning to make a career in it. Nevertheless, we’ve got a solution for you. Contact Leverage Edu if you are unable to take a call yourself; they specialize in providing the right career guidance and direction. If you think you can handle the rigor of this field when you are studying and later when you would start practising, get going. Four years of study in an accredited medical school and a couple of years more (depending on the speciality you choose) towards residency training is what you are expected to put in to enter this noble profession. Once you have everything in place, there is no way you’d stop. Well, until then, stay tuned!